A pioneering survey by the think tank Suomen Perusta linked to the Finns party has estimated lifetime costs associated with Iraqi and Somali migrants, who constitute the largest groups of so-called “humanitarian immigration” to Finland, Sputnik News reports. Using government-generated statistics, Suomen Perusta calculated that an average Iraqi migrant moving to Finland between the ages of 20 to 24 is expected to cost Finland €690,000 ($783,000).
A Somali migrant of the same age was estimated to be even more expensive, burdening the Finnish state with €951,000 ($1.08 million).
If child-related issues are included, the costs rise to €844,000 ($957,000) and €1,343,000 ($1.5 million) respectively. For the sake of comparison, the reference mean value for native-born Finns was set at 0 Euros.
The second-generation of migrants who have grown up in Finland were found to have a rate of social and economic exclusion and income support 6-8 times higher than native-born Finnish young adults, despite having received basic education in Finland.
A total of 49 and 50 percent of 22-year-old Iraqi and Somali migrants were income support recipients, as opposed to only 11 percent of their Finnish peers, the report found.
Admittedly, the authors didn’t account for all possible fiscal effects in their study. Had those “missing” items been recognised as well, they argued, the effects would have been even more negative, the study said.
Some of these may include lower contribution for old age pensions, indirect integration costs, and higher health services costs due to factors such as translation needs.
From the Finnish public finance point of view, the authors concluded, no new migrants should be welcomed to Finland when expected life-cycle effects are negative.
“The conclusion of the study is that from the standpoint of the public finances of Finland it is not beneficial to take any migrants born in Iraq or Somalia”, the report said.
According to Finland’s Migration Board (Migri), almost 5,000 Iraqi and just under 3,000 Somali asylum seekers received a positive decision last year alone.
If Suomen Perusta’s calculation is true, they will set Finland back €3.5 billion ($3.9 billion) and €2.9 billion ($3.3) respectively, the newspaper Iltalehti reported.
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Author: Emma R.
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